THE DISINTEGRATION OF THE SOVIET UNION AND ITS IMPACT ON INDIA AND THE CENTRAL ASIAN REGION by: NIKITA BOSE

The Soviet Union was one of the largest nations in the world and had a major role to play in world politics during the Cold War period. For a large part of its existence as a nation, its cold war with the United States of America, forced the rest of the world to align with either of the superpowers, i.e. the Communist Bloc or the Capitalist Bloc, or simply join the Non-Alignment Movement. The Soviet Union remained undeniably one of the most powerful nations the world had ever seen. The disintegration of the Soviet Union led to several dire consequences for many countries. It saw drastic changes in policies, and ideologies. One of the major consequences of the disintegration was that it brought with it the emergence of the free market ideology and that of minimal government interference. In her paper Nikita Bose analyses the evolution and rise of Soviet Union as a power, looks at the different phases of the Soviet leadership including that of Stalin’s dictatorship  and Gorbachev’s reforms, delves on  the causes of the decline of the Soviet state and the significance of the end of bipolarity for world politics. Her special focus has been on the impact of Soviet disintegration on India and the then independent Central Asian states. By way of conclusion, she argues that the dissolution of the Soviet Union had both positive and detrimental effects on several nations. Some nations thrived after opening up their economy, however, some faced turmoil and conflicts, both on domestic and international scales hence the dissolution of the Soviet state had both pros and cons attached to it.

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Disclaimer: The views expressed in the papers are of the authors. They no way represent the views of CSIRD.

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