Terrorism can be simply defined as the systematic employment of violence and intimidation to coerce a government or community into acceding to specific political demands . But there is no universal definition of terrorism and the implications of the absence of such definition in huge. Avisikta in her paper analyses such implications while delving into David Rapoport’s four waves of modern terrorism theory in detail – the theory having become the most influential and the most widely debated conceptual model in the subject of modern terrorism in recent times. She argues that this theory has offered unique
insights into the complexities of modern terrorism providing a universal instrument for researchers to understand the beginning and transformative stages of terrorism and the factors that have inspired the advent of terror groups. She also points out the three existing fifth wave theories of Jeffrey Kaplan,
Anthony Celso and Jeffrey Simon which she believes deserves attention and analysis. In conclusion she observes that, in a world, living in the fourth wave of terrorism and there being considerable loop holes in counter terrorism strategies owing to lack of an universal definition and international consensus, it remains to be seen whether the three theories of the fifth wave prove to be true in the future or not.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in the papers are of the authors. They no way represent the views of CSIRD.